Photography involves capturing still images, but some of them look like their subjects may start moving any second. How do you capture this sense of motion in moving subjects? Let's introduce a few tips to do so here. (Report by: Tatsuya Tanaka)
Diagonal composition and visual guidance are effective methods
Make use of motion blur to effectively depict the sense of motion of a subject. Although the amount of blurring varies depending on the shutter speed and the speed of the subject’s movement, care is also required as the shape of the subject will become indistinct if there is too much blurring. You can either pan the camera to track the subject’s movement, or zoom in or out during exposure. Although this form of expression is the opposite of capturing a still subject and containing it within a photo (such as in landscape photographs), it is still important to fully bear in mind the composition when creating a motion blur effect using such techniques. This is because the overall sense of motion of the picture changes drastically depending on where the blurred subject is placed in the picture and which direction it is facing. By using composition techniques such as diagonal composition and visual guidance, you can express elements such as the sense of motion of the subject and its direction of movement.
EOS 5D Mark II/ EF24-70mm f/2.8L USM/ FL: 64mm/ Manual exposure (f/8, 0.4 sec)/ ISO 100/ WB: Auto
Imply motion by capturing the movements of a sea turtle with a diagonal composition
The pan shot of a sea turtle swimming from the top right to the bottom left side of the picture was captured using diagonal composition. The turtle is placed right of centre in the composition leaving the left side of the image open. By doing so, I am trying to guide the line of sight using the pattern on the water surface in order to convey the idea of the turtle swimming in the water. I also wanted to bring attention to the sense of motion created by the subtle blurring caused by the movements of both the water surface and the turtle.
Techniques to take photos with a sense of motion and dynamism
 Reproduce movement with a low shutter speed
I captured a full image of a seagull flying in the air with a pan shot. By using a low shutter speed to blur the wing tips, my final image managed to convey the dynamism of the flapping wings.
 Boldly capture changes over time with a long exposure
When you shoot the northern starry sky with a long exposure, the starlight turns into rotating star trails. The gradual movements of the stars over time convey a sense of motion. Placing the silhouette of the grove of trees in the centre creates a composition that befits the natural scenery captured.
Born in 1956, Tanaka is one of the rare photographers who produce works across a wide variety of genres from an original perspective. These genres range from objects in our daily lives, such as insects and flowers, to landscapes, skyscapes, and celestial bodies. Besides photography, Tanaka has also developed his own approach in post processes including retouch and printing.
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