Most people know that composition matters, but many beginner photographers may not know where to start. Instead of placing a subject smack in the middle of the frame, one can make a huge difference to a photo by applying the Rule of Thirds. Let’s see how this composition rule works for street and portrait photography.
EOS M5, EF-M55-200mm f/4.5-6.3 IS STM lens, f/4.5, 55mm, 1/1600sec, ISO320
Rule of Thirds: A Quick Guide
This rule breaks down a photo into a grid with nine equal parts, separated by two horizontal and vertical lines. These lines intersect four times, and along these points are where your subjects should be placed. By doing so, you draw your viewers’ eyes to one of the intersections in the most natural way.
EOS M5, EF-M55-200mm f/4.5-6.3 IS STM lens, f/5.0, 100mm, 1/1600sec, ISO320
To learn more about the Rule of Thirds, visit our guide here.
Portrait photography provides you with an excellent opportunity to practise using the Rule of Thirds, because unlike street photography, you have plenty of time to position your subject, find the composition, and get the right shot.
EOS M5, EF-M55-200mm f/4.5-6.3 IS STM lens, f/4.5, 55mm, 1/640sec, ISO320
Placing your subject at the centre of the photo is not the most appealing
In the photo above, you will notice that the subject’s face is not in any of the four intersections, but at the dead centre of the photo. While this is naturally how we would see someone if we were looking directly at them, it doesn’t make for an appealing photo, and could be rather awkward.
EOS M5, EF-M55-200mm f/4.5-6.3 IS STM lens, f/4.5, 55mm, 1/1250sec, ISO320
Placing your subject along a third of the frame makes for a more pleasant photo
Instead, if you aligned your subject off centre and in this case, resting on the vertical line on the right, the photo turns out much easier on the eyes. This creates a point of interest for your viewers. This works perfectly for portrait, as well as street photography.
Learn how to use different camera modes for portraits: Photographing People: When to use Program Mode, Shutter Priority, and Aperture Priority
Street photography is about the people and environment, captured in its most natural state, where the photographer blends into the background and becomes inconspicuous. There is no posing, no directing, and needless to say, no time to lose when a photograph opportunity presents itself. This means that you may only get a few seconds to take a shot before your subject moves or is gone.
However, the principles of the Rule of Thirds still apply. You will capture engaging photographs by using the intersecting points as references for where to place your subjects.
EOS M5, EF-M55-200mm f/4.5-6.3 IS STM lens, f/6.3, 200mm, 1/1250sec, ISO320
Place your subject along the vertical line in the photo
Want to learn which lenses to use for street photography? Here are a few tips on how to choose the right lens.
Practise Makes Perfect
EOS M5, EF-M55-200mm f/4.5-6.3 IS STM lens, f/4.5, 55mm, 1/60sec, ISO320
Use the Rule of Thirds to capture your subject, even in a group shot
This guide will help you get started, but it is important to go out there and practise as much as you can. The Rule of Thirds is a useful technique, especially when you’re just starting out –but you will develop your own preference and style in due time.
Going on your first photoshoot? Here’s what you should have in your bag.
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