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Products >> All Products

RF Lenses vs EF Lenses: What's the Difference and How to Decide?

2022-08-31
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Four years since the EOS R mirrorless system debuted, the RF lens lineup has grown tremendously. As of August 2022, 32 RF lenses have been released, covering an ultra-wide-angle 14mm to a super telephoto 1200mm. With a mount adapter, EOS R system users can also use any of over 180 EF mount lenses that were released throughout the film and DSLR camera eras. How are RF and EF lenses different? With older EF lenses often cheaper than RF lenses of the same class, are RF lenses really the better investment? Read on to find out, and get some ideas for building the lens collection that works best for you.

In this article:

1. Technology

Consideration #1: RF lenses have more advanced technology

Debuting in 1987, the EF mount was designed to be future-proof for at least 30 years. But how about the next 30?

The EF mount debuted in 1987. As the first completely electronic mount that didn’t require any mechanical link between the lens and camera body, it was a gamechanger developed with the next 30 years in mind. And that shows in its cross-compatibility. You can use an EF lens released 30 years ago on a recent camera body, and it would still work well with very few functional limitations.

But it’s been over 30 years, and camera technology has improved tremendously. To take full advantage of the newest technologies, it was necessary to develop a new mount that could remain relevant for the next 30 years. This was the motivation behind the RF mount, which was developed alongside the EOS R mirrorless system with three qualities in mind:

1. Better image quality
2. Higher functionality
3. High cross-compatibility


Difference: Back focus distance

What is it and why does it matter?

The flange back distance refers to the distance from the lens mount (on the camera side) to the image sensor. But what really affects image quality is the back focus distance, which is the distance from the rearmost lens to the image sensor.

EF lenses
The EF mount system was designed for SLR cameras, which have a mirror in front of the image sensor. There needs to be space for this mirror to move up and down, which means the back focus distance of EF lenses cannot be too short. This design restriction makes it harder to optimise EF lenses for image quality.

RF lenses
The RF mount system is designed for mirrorless cameras, so it doesn’t need to leave space for mirror movement. This means more lens design flexibility, making it easier to adopt a lens configuration that optimises image quality.

The RF mount has a flange back distance of 20mm, but RF lenses can be designed with a back focus distance shorter than 20mm.

To avoid blocking mirror movement, EF lenses must have a back focus distance of at least 44mm.

RF lenses can be designed with a back focus distance that is shorter than the 20mm flange back distance.


Large aperture and wide-angle lenses benefit the most from the RF mount. One example is the RF16mm f/2.8 STM, which would otherwise be much larger and heavier.


Similarity: Mount diameter

So good it didn’t need to be changed!

The RF and EF mounts have the same 54mm mount diameter. A larger mount diameter makes it possible to use a larger lens element for the rearmost lens. This ensures that light bends less before it reaches the image sensor, therefore reducing lens aberrations.

Although the EF mount was designed over 30 years ago, the EOS R system engineers decided it was good enough, and adopted the same mount diameter for the RF mount.


Difference: Connection pins

More pins, better communication

The RF mount has 12 electronic connection pins, 4 more than the 8 pins on EF lenses. These, together with an improved transmission protocol, allow faster communication between the lens and camera body compared to EF lenses. Information on focusing, zooming, aperture, image stabilisation, and various lens aberrations are swiftly sent to the camera, allowing more sophisticated control.

All this information from the lens is among the tremendous amount of data processed by the DIGIC image processing engine. Click here to find out more about what DIGIC does.


Difference: Electronic focus ring, control ring on RF lenses

Better control when you shoot

RF lenses have an electronic control ring and focus ring. On some lenses, they are combined.

On the electronic focus ring, you can customise operations such as:
- The rotation direction: Especially useful for those switching from another camera system who are used to turning the ring in the reverse direction
- The MF focus ring sensitivity: To something that feels the most intuitive to you during precise manual focusing.

You can assign the control ring to control aperture, shutter speed, ISO speed, exposure compensation, or depending on your camera model, even the white balance, Picture Style, and AF mode. It’s also possible to change the control ring’s rotation direction.

TL;DR: RF lenses are designed for the future. They offer better functionality and control than the EF lenses, and you can also expect better optical quality than EF lenses of the same class. With more design flexibility, RF lenses are also mostly smaller and lighter than equivalent EF lenses.

2. Cross-compatibility

Consideration #2: Cross-compatibility

The most cost-efficient lenses can be used even if you upgrade your camera. But it depends on what kind of upgrade!


i) Between EOS DSLRs and the EOS R system: EF lenses

EF and EF-S lenses don’t just fit on EOS DSLR cameras, they can also be used on the EOS R and EOS M system cameras with the appropriate mount adapter. This makes them a very cost-efficient solution if you’re on a budget, or still concurrently using an EOS DSLR/EOS M series camera.

In fact, there are three different EF-EOS R mount adapters. The Control Ring Mount Adapter EF-EOS R or Drop-In Filter Mount Adapter EF-EOS R not only let you attach EF and EF-S lenses to your EOS R system camera, but also provide additional features.


3 different EF-EOS R mount adapters

Mount Adapter EF-EOS R
This standard version adapts the flange back distance so that you can attach EF/EF-S lenses to an EOS R system camera

Control Ring Mount Adapter EF-EOS R
Adapts EF/EF-S lenses and also adds control ring functionality.

Drop-In Filter Mount Adapter EF-EOS R
Adapts EF/EF-S lenses and also takes a drop-in PL or ND filter. More about this later in the article.

Caveat: A mount adapter adds a few centimetres and some extra weight. While this shouldn’t feel significant on most camera-lens combinations, it could cause some lenses intended for compactness (such as 50mm f/1.8 lenses) to protrude slightly more than desired. For the most compact combination, choose an RF lens.

Also see:
RF50mm f/1.8 STM vs EF50mm f/1.8 STM: 6 Key Comparisons


ii) Between APS-C and full-frame EOS cameras: RF lenses

If you use an APS-C EOS camera, you probably already own EF-S/RF-S lenses, which are designed for the smaller APS-C sensor. It’s important to know that:

- EF-S lenses can’t be attached to full-frame EOS DSLRs. 
- RF-S and full-frame RF lenses can be attached to any EOS R system camera regardless of the sensor size, no adapter needed.

When you attach EF-S or RF-S lenses to a full-frame EOS R system camera, the camera automatically switches to the 1.6x crop mode, providing the same field of view as an APS-C camera. This is reflected in the viewfinder/Live View image.

Of course, you can also future-proof your gear by getting RF lenses.

You may also be interested in:
Full-Frame vs APS-C Camera: Which Should I Choose?


Camera/lens type compatibility

 
RF
RF-S
EF
EF-S
EF-M
EOS R (Full-frame)
-
EOS R (APS-C)
-
EOS DSLR (Full-frame)
-
-
-
-
EOS DSLR (APS-C)
-
-
-
EOS M (APS-C)
-
-

Can be mounted directly
Mount adapter required

3. Support for EOS R system capabilities

Consideration #3: RF lenses maximise the full potential of EOS R system cameras

If the following functions are important to you and what you shoot, it’s best to go for an RF lens:

AF and continuous shooting capabilities
While you can use EF lenses on an EOS R system camera via a mount adapter, expect limitations to continuous shooting speed and AF coverage as their internal mechanisms are based on older technology. To take full advantage of your EOS R system camera’s speed and AF capabilities, use an RF lens.

Diving kingfishers are notoriously quick and hard to capture. Using high-speed continuous shooting with an RF lens increases your success rate.

Image stabilisation
If you are using an EOS R camera with the In-Body Image Stabilizer (In-Body IS), combining it with an RF lens equipped with an Optical Image Stabilizer (Optical IS) could achieve even better image stabilisation. This is because most IS-equipped RF lenses support Coordinated Control IS, where the lens and camera IS systems coordinate to achieve better image stabilisation.

Know this: On EOS DSLR cameras, image stabilisation is only available if you use an EF lens with Optical IS. However, EOS R system cameras with In-Body IS will stabilise images even if you are using RF/EF lenses with no Optical IS.

Also see: 3 Types of Scenes That Take Full Advantage of In-Body IS

4. Benefits of Drop-In Filter Mount Adapter EF-EOS R

Consideration #4: Using EF lenses lets you benefit from the Drop-In Filter Mount Adapter EF-EOS R

Frequent filter users and video shooters, take note

If you often use screw-on polarising (PL) filters or neutral density (ND) filters, you probably have multiple different-sized filters to fit lenses with different filter diameters. Some lenses such as the EF8-15mm f/4L Fisheye USM and EF11-24mm f/4L USM also can’t take screw-on filters due to their protruding front element.

The Drop-In Filter Mount Adapter EF-EOS R is a nifty solution to both issues. Just insert the appropriate filter, and you can use it with any EF lens—even those that don’t support screw-on filters.

There are three filters available for the Drop-In Filter Mount Adapter EF-EOS R:
- Circular Polarising Filter
- Drop-In Variable ND Filter (ND3 - ND500)
- Drop-In Clear Filter

On the Drop-In Variable ND Filter (ND3 - ND500), turning a dial adjusts the light reduction effect between 1.5 to 9 stops. It’s also useful for video shooting, such as when you want to use a wide aperture to achieve shallow focus effects on a sunny day!

Drop-in Filter Mount Adapter EF-EOS R with Drop-in Variable ND Filter A

Drop-in Filter Mount Adapter EF-EOS R with Drop-in Variable ND Filter A

5. Lenses available in each mount

Consideration #5: Do you need a specific type of lens?

Some lenses are unique to one mount…for now

The EF system has been around for over 30 years, which is why it has the richer lineup. There are over 180 EF lenses, compared to 32 RF lenses as of July 2022! There are also some special lenses with no existing RF versions, such as tilt-shift lenses, fisheye lenses, and the MP-E65mm f/2.8 1-5X Macro Photo.

However, the RF lens lineup also has unique lenses with no EF equivalent, such as the RF5.2mm f/2.8L Dual Fisheye, which is used with the EOS R5 or EOS R5 C to shoot VR video.

The list that follows shows all RF lenses available as of July 2022 on the left. The key EF lenses released relatively recently are on the right, and we’ve listed the RF equivalents beside it where available. Between an EF lens and its RF counterpart, the RF lens is the better investment.


List of RF lenses and key EF lenses (as of July 2022)

Wide-angle Zoom
    EF8-15mm f/4L Fisheye USM  
    EF11-24mm f/4L USM  
RF15-30mm f/4.5-6.3 IS STM      
RF14-35mm f/4L IS USM   EF16-35mm f/4L IS USM  
RF15-35mm f/2.8L IS USM   EF16-35mm f/2.8L III USM  
    EF17-40mm f/4L USM  
Standard Zoom
RF24-70mm f/2.8L IS USM   EF24-70mm f/2.8L II USM  
    EF24-70mm f/4L IS USM (Macro)  
RF24-105mm f/4L IS USM   EF24-105mm f/4L IS II USM  
RF24-105mm f/4-7.1 IS STM   EF24-105mm f/3.5-5.6 IS STM  
RF24-240mm f/4-6.3 IS USM      
RF28-70mm f/2L USM      
Telephoto Zoom
    EF28-300mm f/3.5-5.6L IS USM  
RF70-200mm f/2.8L IS USM   EF70-200mm f/2.8L IS III USM EF1.4×/2x
RF70-200mm f/4L IS USM   EF70-200mm f/4L IS II USM EF1.4×/2x
    EF70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM  
Super Telephoto Zoom
RF100-400mm f/5.6-8 IS USM RF1.4×/2x EF70-300mm f/4-5.6 IS II USM  
RF100-500mm f/4.5-7.1L IS USM RF1.4×/2x EF100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM EF1.4×/2x
    EF200-400mm f/4L IS USM
Extender 1.4X
EF1.4×/2x
Wide-angle Prime
RF5.2mm f/2.8L Dual Fisheye      
    EF14mm f/2.8L II USM  
RF16mm f/2.8 STM   EF20mm f/2.8 USM  
    EF24mm f/1.4L II USM  
RF24mm f/1.8 Macro IS STM   EF24mm f/2.8 IS USM  
    EF35mm f/1.4L II USM  
RF35mm f/1.8 Macro IS STM   EF35mm f/2 IS USM  
Standard Prime
    EF40mm f/2.8 STM  
RF50mm f/1.2L USM   EF50mm f/1.2L USM  
    EF50mm f/1.4 USM  
RF50mm f/1.8 STM   EF50mm f/1.8 STM  
Medium Telephoto Prime
RF85mm f/1.2L USM DS      
RF85mm f/1.2L USM   EF85mm f/1.2L II USM  
    EF85mm f/1.4L IS USM  
RF85mm f/2 Macro IS STM   EF85mm f/1.8 USM  
RF100mm f/2.8L Macro IS USM   EF100mm f/2.8L Macro IS USM  
    EF135mm f/2L USM EF1.4×/2x
    EF180mm f/3.5L Macro USM EF1.4×/2x
Telephoto Prime
    EF200mm f/2L IS USM EF1.4×/2x
    EF200mm f/2.8L II USM EF1.4×/2x
    EF300mm f/2.8L IS II USM EF1.4×/2x
    EF300mm f/4L IS USM EF1.4×/2x
Super Telephoto Prime
RF400mm f/2.8L IS USM RF1.4×/2x EF400mm f/2.8L IS III USM EF1.4×/2x
    EF400mm f/4 DO IS II USM EF1.4×/2x
    EF400mm f/5.6L USM EF1.4×/2x
    EF500mm f/4L IS II USM EF1.4×/2x
RF600mm f/4L IS USM RF1.4×/2x EF600mm f/4L IS III USM EF1.4×/2x
RF600mm f/11 IS STM RF1.4×/2x    
RF800mm f/11 IS STM RF1.4×/2x    
RF800mm f/5.6L IS USM RF1.4×/2x EF800mm f/5.6L IS USM EF1.4×/2x
RF1200mm f/8L IS USM RF1.4×/2x    
Specialty lenses
    MP-E65mm f/2.8 1-5X Macro Photo  
    TS-E 17mm f/4L  
    TS-E 24mm f/3.5L II  
    TS-E 50mm f/2.8L Macro  
    TS-E 90mm f/2.8L Macro  
    TS-E 135mm f/4L Macro  
Extender RF1.4×   Extender EF1.4X III  
Extender RF2×   Extender EF2X III  
APS-C lenses
    EF-S10-18mm f/4.5-5.6 IS STM  
    EF-S10-22mm f/3.5-4.5 USM  
    EF-S15-85mm f/3.5-5.6 IS USM  
    EF-S17-55mm f/2.8 IS USM  
RF-S18-45mm f/4.5-6.3 IS STM   EF-S18-55mm f/4-5.6 IS STM  
RF-S18-150mm f/3.5-6.3 IS STM   EF-S18-135mm f/3.5-5.6 IS USM  
    EF-S55-250mm f/4-5.6 IS STM  
    EF-S24mm f/2.8 STM  
    EF-S35mm f/2.8 Macro IS STM  
    EF-S60mm f/2.8 Macro USM  

No longer in production

* Indicates that the lens supports extenders. Orange text indicates limited AF functionality during use. Red text indicates that AF is not supported.

The older EF lenses are not on this list—for more information about them, check out the Canon Camera Museum.

6. Extender compatibility

Consideration #6: Do you shoot faraway subjects?

RF super telephoto lenses have better extender compatibility

As you may have noticed from the table above, in the EF lineup, only the L-series telephoto lenses support extenders (teleconverters), and even then, AF functionality might be limited. Meanwhile, in the RF lens lineup, there are budget-friendly non-L super telephoto lenses that support extender use. And if you are out to get the longest reach possible, there is the RF1200mm f/8L IS USM. When combined with the Extender RF2x, it takes you up to 2400mm—complete with AF support.

Use the Extender RF2x with the relatively inexpensive RF800mm f/11 IS STM to shoot at 1600mm—enough to capture the details of the moon close-up without cropping,

7. Planning your lens acquisition strategy

Summing up: Planning your lens acquisition strategy

It’s safe to say that overall, RF lenses are a better investment than EF lenses. They reap the benefits of the RF mount, and are designed to bring out the best in current and future EOS R system cameras.

- If you don’t already own the EF version of a lens:
It’s best to get RF lenses. 

- If you already own the EF version:
Switch to the RF version if...
- You need the best speed and AF performance. Tip: Telephoto RF lenses, in particular, can provide better AF and continuous shooting performance than EF lenses.
- You want maximum IS capability.
- You need a compact, lightweight combination.
However, if these don’t matter to you, you can continue to use your EF/EF-S lenses with a mount adapter.


You can read more about the various RF lenses in:
In Focus: RF Lens Reviews

Learn more about lenses and their features in:
Lens FAQ: What Does a Lens Name Mean and Why are Some Lenses White?
Know Your Lens Barrel (1): Useful Marks, Rings, and Switches

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